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王健男,黄海东*,白冲.支气管腔内超声技术的临床应用及进展[J].Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ,2021,42(9):1044-1051
支气管腔内超声技术的临床应用及进展    点此下载全文 Fulltext
王健男  黄海东*  白冲
长海医院呼吸与危重症医学科, 上海 200433
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关键词:超声支气管镜  肺肿瘤  微创诊断  经支气管针吸活检  肺周围型病变
Clinical application and progress of endobronchial ultrasound    Fulltext
WANG Jian-nan  HUANG Hai-dong*  BAI Chong
Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Changhai Hospital, Naval Medical University (Second Military Medical University)
, Shanghai 200433, China
*Corresponding author
Fund Project:
      With the popularization of chest computed tomography (CT) screening, the detection rates of pulmonary peripheral lesions and mediastinal masses have been greatly increased. Novel technologies are emerging to improve the diagnostic rate of traditional bronchoscopy. Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a minimally invasive diagnosis and treatment technology combining bronchoscopy and ultrasound. It can provide ultrasound images and guide biopsy of airway wall and adjacent structures of bronchial tree in real time. The main types include convex probe-endobronchial ultrasound (CP-EBUS) and radial probe-endobronchial ultrasound (RP-EBUS). CP-EBUS is mainly used in the major airway and central lung lesions, and plays an important role in mediastinal staging of lung cancer. RP-EBUS comprehensive guidance technology is mainly used in the diagnosis of peripheral lung lesions. In addition, EBUS can also be applied to the minimally invasive diagnosis and treatment of some extrapulmonary adjacent organ diseases. With the advantages of low risk, high sensitivity to benign and malignant lesions and good repeatability, EBUS has been widely used in clinical practice all over the world. This paper reviews the development history, clinical application and progress of EBUS.
Keywords:endobronchial ultrasound  lung neoplasms  minimally invasive diagnosis  transbronchial needle aspiration biopsy  peripheral pulmonary lesions
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