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林曦,王晓武,马涛,袁彬彬,张本,杨博,林钊明,张卫达*.牛颈静脉带瓣管道与自体心包管道重建右心室流出道的中期疗效比较[J].Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ,2019,40(6):624-629
牛颈静脉带瓣管道与自体心包管道重建右心室流出道的中期疗效比较    点此下载全文 Fulltext
林曦  王晓武  马涛  袁彬彬  张本  杨博  林钊明  张卫达*
海军军医大学(第二军医大学)
附属广州临床医学院(解放军南部战区总医院)
心血管外科, 广州 510010
*通信作者
基金项目:广东省医学科学技术研究基金(WSTJJ20111110).
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2019.06.0624
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摘要:
      目的 比较应用牛颈静脉带瓣管道与自体心包管道重建右心室流出道的中期疗效差异。方法 回顾性分析2013年5月至2016年7月接受外管道重建右心室流出道术的18例先天性心脏病患者的临床资料,患者年龄为2~16(5.22±4.12)岁,男11例、女7例,肺动脉闭锁合并室间隔缺损7例、右心室双出口合并肺动脉瓣狭窄4例、永存动脉干3例、永存动脉干合并右肺动脉缺如1例、矫正型大动脉转位合并肺动脉瓣狭窄1例、完全大动脉转位合并肺动脉瓣狭窄2例。术中采用完整国产牛颈静脉带瓣管道重建右心室流出道11例(牛颈静脉管道组),采用自体心包管道重建右心室流出道7例(自体心包管道组),记录围手术期情况。术后随访4~56个月,应用心脏超声及心脏计算机断层扫描血管成像(CTA)评估疗效。结果 牛颈静脉管道组11例患者无围手术期死亡;自体心包管道组7例患者死亡2例,其中1例死于术后肺动脉高压危象,1例死于低心排出量综合征。牛颈静脉管道组右心室压/桡动脉压比值、术后机械通气时间、重症监护病房(ICU)时间均小于自体心包管道组,差异均有统计学意义(P均< 0.05);两组患者体外循环时间、主动脉阻闭时间、停机后右心室流出道跨瓣压差、输血量及住院总费用差异均无统计学意义(P均> 0.05)。两组随访期间均无死亡病例,牛颈静脉管道组无再次手术病例,自体心包管道组1例因严重右心功能不全于术后2年行机械瓣膜带瓣管道植入术。超声测量结果显示,牛颈静脉管道组术后最后一次随访时右心室流出道跨瓣压差与出院前相比差异无统计学意义[(22.91±7.31)mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)vs(20.45±6.70)mmHg,P>0.05],自体心包管道组术后最后一次随访时右心室流出道跨瓣压差高于出院前[(29.20±18.09)mmHg vs(16.14±4.02)mmHg,P<0.05];牛颈静脉管道组术后最后一次随访时发现轻度反流8例、中度反流3例,自体心包管道组发现轻度反流1例、中度反流2例、重度反流2例,两组间差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。术后超声检查显示牛颈静脉管道内瓣叶组织均有不同程度的增厚,但未见钙化,瓣叶活动良好,无血栓形成及感染性心内膜炎发生;自体心包管道未见钙化、血栓形成及感染性心内膜炎发生。术后随访期间心脏CTA检查发现牛颈静脉管道有1例中段、1例近端吻合口出现瘤样扩张情况,自体心包管道均未见扩张。结论 国产牛颈静脉带瓣管道适用于各类复杂先天性心脏畸形患者右心室流出道重建术,中期随访显示牛颈静脉管道抗反流性能良好,无严重梗阻或钙化发生,优于自体心包管道。但部分国产牛颈静脉带瓣管道术后中期随访有瘤样扩张发生,制备工艺有待进一步改进。
关键词:右心室流出道重建术  牛颈静脉带瓣管道  自体心包管道  中期疗效
Mid-term outcomes following valved bovine jugular vein conduit versus autologous pericardium conduit for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction    Fulltext
LIN Xi  WANG Xiao-wu  MA Tao  YUAN Bin-bin  ZHANG Ben  YANG Bo  LIN Zhao-ming  ZHANG Wei-da*
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Guangzhou Clinical Medicine College(General Hospital of Southern Theater Command of PLA)
, Naval Medical University(Second Military Medical University)
, Guangzhou 510010, Guangdong, China
*Corresponding author
Fund Project:
Abstract:
      Objective To compare the mid-term outcomes of valved bovine jugular vein conduit and autologous pericardium conduit in reconstruction of right ventricular outflow tract. Methods Eighteen congenital heart disease patients were implanted with external conduits (included 11 valved bovine jugular vein conduits and 7 autologous pericardium conduits) for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction between May 2013 and Jul. 2016. There were 11 males and 7 females at age of 2-16 (5.22±4.12) years. Preoperative clinical diagnoses included pulmonary artery atresia with ventricular septal defect (n=7), double outlet of right ventricle with pulmonary stenosis (n=4), persistent truncus arteriosus (n=3), persistent truncus arteriosus with absence of right pulmonary artery (n=1), corrected transposition of great arteries with pulmonary stenosis (n=1), and transposition of great arteries with pulmonary stenosis (n=2). The perioperative status was recorded. The cardiac ultrasound and computed tomography angiography (CTA) were used to evaluate the efficacy during 4-56 months of follow-up. Results There were no perioperative deaths in the bovine jugular vein conduit group, and 2 deaths in the autologous pericardium conduit group. One died of pulmonary hypertension crisis and the other died of low cardiac output syndrome. The ratio of right ventricular pressure to radial arterial pressure, duration of mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit (ICU) stay after surgery were significantly lower in the bovine jugular vein conduit group than those in the autologous pericardium conduit group (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in extracorporeal circulation time, aortic cross-clamping time, transvalvular gradient in right ventricular outflow tract, blood consumption or total hospitalization costs between the two groups (all P>0.05). During follow-up, there were no deaths in the two groups, no reoperations in the bovine jugular vein conduit group, and 1 case received reoperation 2 years after surgery due to severe right ventricular dysfunction in the autologous pericardium conduit group. In the bovine jugular vein conduit group, the transvalvular gradients in right ventricular outflow tract at the last follow-up and before discharge were (22.91±7.31) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and (20.45±6.70) mmHg, respectively, and the difference was not significant (P>0.05). In the autologous pericardium conduit group, the transvalvular gradient in right ventricular outflow tract was (29.20±18.09) mmHg at the last follow-up and (16.14±4.02) mmHg before discharge, and the difference was significant (P<0.05). At the last follow-up after surgery, there were 8 cases of mild reflux and 3 cases of moderate reflux in the bovine jugular vein conduit group, and 1 case of mild reflux, 2 cases of moderate reflux and 2 cases of severe reflux in the autologous pericardium conduit group, and the difference between the two groups was significant (P<0.05). Postoperative ultrasonography showed the thickened valve leaflets with good valve movement in the bovine jugular vein conduit. No calcification, thrombosis and infective endocarditis were found in the two groups. Postoperative cardiac CTA found that there was aneurysmal dilatation in 1 middle segment and 1 proximal anastomotic stoma of the bovine jugular vein conduit group, and no dilatation in the autologous pericardium conduit group. Conclusion Domestic valved bovine jugular vein conduit is suitable for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction in patients with complex congenital heart malformations. Mid-term follow-up shows that bovine jugular vein conduit has good anti-reflux performance and no severe obstruction or calcification. It is obviously superior to autologous pericardium conduit. However, some bovine jugular vein conduits have aneurysmal dilatation in mid-term follow-up, which needs to be further improved.
Keywords:right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction  valved bovine jugular vein conduit  autologous pericardium conduit  mid-term outcomes
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