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  • 于观贞,刘西洋,张彦春,杨晶东,田建辉,朱明华.人工智能在临床医学中的应用与思考[J].第二军医大学学报,2018,39(4):358-365    [点击复制]
  • YU Guan-zhen,LIU Xi-yang,ZHANG Yan-chun,YANG Jing-dong,TIAN Jian-hui,ZHU Ming-hua.Artificial intelligence in clinical medicine: application and thinking[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2018,39(4):358-365   [点击复制]
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人工智能在临床医学中的应用与思考
于观贞1*,刘西洋2,张彦春3,杨晶东4,田建辉1,朱明华5
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(1. 上海中医药大学附属龙华医院肿瘤科, 上海 200032;
2. 西安电子科技大学软件学院, 西安 710071;
3. 复旦大学计算机科学技术学院医疗健康大数据研究中心, 上海 201203;
4. 上海理工大学光电信息与计算机工程学院, 上海 200093;
5. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)长海医院病理科, 上海 200433
*通信作者)
摘要:
人工智能(AI)已成为发达国家的国家战略。在医疗健康领域的各个环节(如虚拟助理、医学影像、药物挖掘、营养学、医院管理、健康管理、精神疾病、可穿戴设备、风险管理、病理学和临床诊疗活动等),AI已取得极大的发展。本文就医疗活动中较为成功的AI研究,即AI与病理诊断、眼部疾病、皮肤疾病、医学影像、中医药、心电监测、手术机器人、肿瘤治疗、医学科学研究作一系统性的评述,阐述医疗领域AI应用存在的问题与展望。相信随着AI技术的发展,AI将会推动医疗领域革命性的进步,使广大病患受益。
关键词:  人工智能  病理  治疗  机器人  中医药
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2018.04.0358
投稿时间:2018-03-24修订日期:2018-04-10
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(81572856),上海中医药大学附属龙华医院高层次人才引进项目(LH02.51.002).
Artificial intelligence in clinical medicine: application and thinking
YU Guan-zhen1*,LIU Xi-yang2,ZHANG Yan-chun3,YANG Jing-dong4,TIAN Jian-hui1,ZHU Ming-hua5
(1. Department of Oncology, Longhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200032, China;
2. School of Software, Xidian University, Xi'an 710071, Shaanxi, China;
3. Medical Health Big Data Research Center, School of Computer Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 201203, China;
4. School of Optical-Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China;
5. Department of Pathology, Changhai Hospital, Navy Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Artificial intelligence (AI) has become a national strategy in developed countries. AI has been a great success in many scenarios of medicine and health fields, including virtual assistant, medical imaging, drug mining, nutrition, hospital management, health management, mental illness, wearable devices, risk management, pathology and clinical diagnosis and treatment. Here, we reviewed and commented the recent progresses on the application of AI in the pathological diagnosis, ocular diseases, skin disorders, medical imaging, traditional Chinese medicine, electrocardiographic monitoring, medical robots, oncotherapy and translational researches, and summed up and prospected the problems of AI application in medicine and health fields. With the development of technology, AI will lead to a revolutionary progress in medical treatment.
Key words:  artificial intelligence  pathology  therapy  robot  traditional Chinese medicine and pharmacy