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  • 马楷轩,戈英男,蔡文鹏,董薇.考试焦虑个体对不同情绪信息的注意偏向:来自眼动的证据[J].第二军医大学学报,2018,39(5):552-555    [点击复制]
  • MA Kai-xuan,GE Ying-nan,CAI Wen-peng,DONG Wei.Attentional bias towards emotional information in test-anxiety individuals: evidence from eye movement[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2018,39(5):552-555   [点击复制]
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考试焦虑个体对不同情绪信息的注意偏向:来自眼动的证据
马楷轩1,戈英男1,蔡文鹏2,董薇2*
0
(1. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学) 心理与精神卫生学系心理 1 队, 上海 200433;
2. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学) 心理与精神卫生学系航海心理学教研室, 上海 200433
*通信作者)
摘要:
目的 利用眼动追踪技术探讨注意偏向在焦虑情绪的发生与维持中是否发挥作用。方法 招募80名即将参加大学英语六级考试的在校大学生,采用情绪Stroop范式以及眼动追踪技术,比较高考试焦虑(考试焦虑量表评分≥15)者和低考试焦虑(考试焦虑量表评分<15)者对情绪信息注意偏向的差异。结果 情绪Stroop任务中,高考试焦虑个体消极兴趣区组反应时长于积极兴趣区组(t=2.184,P=0.035),低考试焦虑个体情绪区组间差异无统计学意义(t=-0.161,P=0.875)。在眼动追踪实验中,高考试焦虑组对消极兴趣区的首视时长(t=2.117,P=0.041)和总时长(t=2.254,P=0.027)长于低考试焦虑组,而低考试焦虑组对积极兴趣区关注的总时长长于高考试焦虑组(t=2.226,P=0.029)。结论 高考试焦虑个体对消极信息存在注意偏向,注意偏向在焦虑情绪的发生和维持中发挥重要作用。
关键词:  考试焦虑  注意偏向  眼动追踪  情绪Stroop
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2018.05.0552
投稿时间:2018-03-19修订日期:2018-05-02
基金项目:上海市卫生和计划生育委员会青年科研项目(2013Y168),第二军医大学军事医学项目(2014JS26),第二军医大学博士研究生创新研究基金(20152049).
Attentional bias towards emotional information in test-anxiety individuals: evidence from eye movement
MA Kai-xuan1,GE Ying-nan1,CAI Wen-peng2,DONG Wei2*
(1. The First Student Team, Faculty of Psychology and Mental Health, Navy Medical University (Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China;
2. Department of Nautical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Mental Health, Navy Medical University (Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Objective To explore whether attentional bias plays an important role in the development and maintenance of anxiety by eye tracking technology. Methods A total of 80 students preparing for College English Test 6 participated in current study. The emotional Stroop paradigm and eye movement tracking were used to compared the difference of attentional bias for emotional information between high test anxiety individuals (test anxiety scale score ≥ 15) and low test anxiety individuals (test anxiety scale score<15). Results In the emotional Stroop task, the reaction time of the negative block was significantly longer than that of the positive block in the high test anxiety individuals (t=2.184, P=0.035), while there was no significant difference between the two emotion blocks in the low test anxiety individuals (t=-0.161, P=0.875). In eye movement tracking experiment, the first fixation duration (t=2.117, P=0.041) and total duration (t=2.254, P=0.027) of the negative block were significantly longer in the high test anxiety individuals than those in the low test anxiety individuals. The total duration of the positive block was significantly longer in the low test anxiety individuals than that in the high test anxiety individuals (t=2.226, P=0.029). Conclusion High test anxiety individuals show attentional bias towards negative information, suggesting that attentional bias has an effect on the development and maintenance of anxiety.
Key words:  test anxiety  attentional bias  eye tracking  emotion Stroop