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  • 田诗音,陈琪,谢之辉,贺佳,吴骋.上海市独居老人健康相关生命质量调查[J].第二军医大学学报,2018,39(3):258-262    [点击复制]
  • TIAN Shi-yin,CHEN Qi,XIE Zhi-hui,HE Jia,WU Cheng.Analysis of health-related quality of life of elderly people living alone in Shanghai[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2018,39(3):258-262   [点击复制]
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上海市独居老人健康相关生命质量调查
田诗音1,陈琪1,谢之辉2,贺佳1,吴骋1*
0
(1. 海军军医大学(第二军医大学)卫生勤务学系卫生统计学教研室, 上海 200433;
2. 上海市卫生和计划生育委员会信息中心, 上海 200125
*通信作者)
摘要:
目的 根据调查数据分析上海市独居老人的健康相关生命质量。方法 使用第五次国家卫生服务调查上海市数据,共获得上海市17个区县11 103名年龄≥60岁老年人的数据,采用倾向性评分匹配法对独居和非独居老人进行匹配,采用欧洲五维健康量表(EQ-5D)对老年人健康相关生命质量进行测量。采用χ2检验和Mann-Whitney U检验比较匹配后的独居和非独居老人的EQ-5D各维度选择、EQ-5D指数得分和EQ-VAS得分等健康相关生命质量指标。结果 经倾向性评分匹配,独居和非独居老人的基线组间均衡性好,匹配后的独居与非独居老人的健康相关生命质量各维度选择、EQ-5D指数得分和EQ-VAS得分差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论 本研究未发现上海市独居和非独居老人的健康相关生命质量有差异。
关键词:  独居老人  健康相关生存质量  倾向评分匹配  上海
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2018.03.0258
投稿时间:2017-11-21修订日期:2018-02-21
基金项目:总后优秀青年科技人才扶持对象项目,上海市循证公共卫生与卫生经济学重点学科建设项目(15GWZK0901).
Analysis of health-related quality of life of elderly people living alone in Shanghai
TIAN Shi-yin1,CHEN Qi1,XIE Zhi-hui2,HE Jia1,WU Cheng1*
(1. Department of Medical Statistics, Faculty of Medical Services, Navy Medical University(Second Military Medical University), Shanghai 200433, China;
2. Information Center of Shanghai Municipal Commission of Health and Family Planning, Shanghai 200125, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Objective To analyze the health-related quality of life of elderly people living alone in Shanghai according to the survey data. Methods The data were extracted from the fifth national health services survey of Shanghai, and the data of 11 103 elderly people from 17 districts were analyzed. The elderly people living alone and those not living alone were matched using propensity score matching method, and the health-related quality of life of elderly people was measured by the European quality of life 5-dimensions (EQ-5D). The health-related quality-of-life indicators between the elderly people living alone and not living alone, including selection of EQ-5D dimensions, EQ-5D scores and EQ-VAS scores, were compared by Chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test. Results The baselines of the elderly people living alone and not living alone matched well by propensity score matching, and there were no significant differences in selection of each dimension of the health-related quality of life, EQ-5D index scores or EQ-VAS scores between the two groups. Conclusion There is no difference in health-related quality of life between elderly people living alone and not living alone in Shanghai.
Key words:  elderly living alone  health-related quality of life  propensity score matching  Shanghai