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  • 苏红,冯正直.军医院校研究生情绪调节自我效能感在心理素质和抑郁间的中介效应[J].第二军医大学学报,2018,39(5):520-524    [点击复制]
  • SU Hong,FENG Zheng-zhi.Mediating role of regulatory emotional self-efficacy between psychological quality and depression in graduate students of military medical college[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2018,39(5):520-524   [点击复制]
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军医院校研究生情绪调节自我效能感在心理素质和抑郁间的中介效应
苏红1,2*,冯正直1
0
(1. 陆军军医大学(第三军医大学) 心理学院, 重庆 400038;
2. 重庆城市管理职业学院健康与老年服务学院, 重庆 401331
*通信作者)
摘要:
目的 探讨军医院校研究生情绪调节自我效能感在心理素质和抑郁之间的中介作用。方法 采用医学硕士研究生心理素质问卷(PQQMM)、情绪调节自我效能感量表(RESES)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)对485名军医院校研究生进行整群抽样调查,采用SPSS 19.0软件进行数据分析。结果 心理素质总得分和各维度(认知、适应性与个性)得分均与情绪调节自我效能感得分呈正相关(表达积极情绪自我效能感得分r=0.74、0.57、0.41、0.67,P均<0.01;管理消极情绪自我效能感得分r=0.78、0.65、0.37、0.64,P均<0.01),两者均与抑郁得分呈负相关(心理素质总得分及各维度得分r=-0.78、-0.54、-0.50、-0.62,P均<0.01;表达积极情绪自我效能感得分r=-0.60,P<0.01;管理消极情绪自我效能感得分r=-0.65,P<0.01)。高情绪调节自我效能感个体的心理素质得分高于低情绪调节自我效能感个体(t=14.71,P<0.01)、抑郁得分低于低情绪调节自我效能感个体(t=-9.43,P<0.01)。表达积极情绪自我效能感在心理素质3个维度(认知、个性、适应性)与抑郁之间存在部分中介效应,分别占总效应的22.38%、6.25%、24.75%;管理消极情绪自我效能感在心理素质3个维度与抑郁之间存在部分中介效应,分别占总效应的24.80%、13.50%、24.54%。结论 情绪调节自我效能感在军医院校研究生心理素质与抑郁之间具有部分中介作用。
关键词:  军事医学  研究生  心理素质  情绪调节自我效能感  抑郁
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2018.05.0520
投稿时间:2017-09-25修订日期:2017-11-23
基金项目:国家社会科学基金(15XSH017),重庆市社会科学规划项目(2017YBWT08).
Mediating role of regulatory emotional self-efficacy between psychological quality and depression in graduate students of military medical college
SU Hong1,2*,FENG Zheng-zhi1
(1. College of Psychology, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing 400038, China;
2. Department of Health and Aging-Service, Chongqing City Management College, Chongqing 401331, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Objective To explore the mediating role of regulatory emotional self-efficacy between psychological quality and depression in graduate students of military medical college. Methods A cluster sampling survey was conducted among 485 military medical college graduate students using psychological quality questionnaire for medical master (PQQMM), regulatory emotional self-efficacy scale (RESES) and self-rating depression scale (SDS). The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 19.0 software. Results Total score of psychological quality and scores of 3 dimensions, including cognition, adaptability and personality, were significantly positively correlated with the score of expressing positive emotional self-efficacy (r=0.74, 0.57, 0.41, and 0.67; all P<0.01) and managing negative emotional self-efficacy (r=0.78, 0.65, 0.37, and 0.64; all P<0.01). The scores of psychological quality and regulatory emotional self-efficacy were significantly negatively correlated with depression (psychological quality and 3 dimensions:r=-0.78, -0.54, -0.50, and -0.62, all P<0.01; expressing positive emotional self-efficacy:r=-0.60, P<0.01; and managing negative emotional self-efficacy:r=-0.65, P<0.01). The military medical college graduate students having high regulatory emotional self-efficacy level had significantly higher score of psychological quality and significantly lower score of depression compared with the students having low regulatory emotional self-efficacy level (t=14.71, -9.43; both P<0.01). Expressing positive emotional selfefficacy had partial mediating effect between 3 dimensions of psychological quality and depression, and the proportions of total effect were 22.38%, 6.25% and 24.75%. Managing negative emotional self-efficacy had partial mediating effect between 3 dimensions of psychological quality and depression, and the proportions of total effect were 24.80%, 13.50% and 24.54%. Conclusion Regulatory emotional self-efficacy has partial mediating effect between psychological quality and depression in military medical college graduate students.
Key words:  military medicine  college graduate students  psychological quality  regulatory emotional self-efficacy  depression