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  • 杜琴,李月玲,俞明,刘世建.上海市嘉定区民办幼儿园学龄前儿童龋病与生长发育及营养的关系[J].第二军医大学学报,2018,39(6):675-678    [点击复制]
  • DU Qin,LI Yue-ling,YU Ming,LIU Shi-jian.Relationship of dental caries with growth and nutrition of preschool children in private kindergartens in Jiading District of Shanghai[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2018,39(6):675-678   [点击复制]
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上海市嘉定区民办幼儿园学龄前儿童龋病与生长发育及营养的关系
杜琴1,2,3,李月玲3,俞明3,刘世建1,2*
0
(1. 上海交通大学公共卫生学院, 上海 200025;
2. 上海交通大学医学院附属上海儿童医学中心, 上海 200127;
3. 上海市嘉定区牙病防治所, 上海 201800
*通信作者)
摘要:
目的 了解上海市嘉定区民办幼儿园学龄前儿童口腔健康状况,探讨龋病与生长发育及营养的关系。方法 2015年4月至2016年6月,按照知情同意的原则,对上海市嘉定区民办幼儿园5 755名学龄前儿童进行口腔检查,并测量身高、体质量,检测血红蛋白水平,分析不同体质量指数(BMI)及血红蛋白水平对龋病的影响。结果 上海市嘉定区民办幼儿园学龄前儿童患龋率为50.67%(2 916/5 755)。随着BMI的升高,患龋率下降,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);肥胖和消瘦儿童的龋均高于正常儿童,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。贫血儿童(血红蛋白<110 g/L)的患龋率及龋均高于正常儿童,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 学龄前儿童乳牙龋齿与生长发育及营养关系密切。
关键词:  学龄前儿童  龋齿  儿童发育  营养状况
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2018.06.0675
投稿时间:2017-10-24修订日期:2017-12-31
基金项目:上海市嘉定区卫生和计划生育委员会课题(JD-KY-13).
Relationship of dental caries with growth and nutrition of preschool children in private kindergartens in Jiading District of Shanghai
DU Qin1,2,3,LI Yue-ling3,YU Ming3,LIU Shi-jian1,2*
(1. School of Public Health, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200025, China;
2. Shanghai Children's Medical Centers, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200127, China;
3. Shanghai Jiading District Dental Center, Shanghai 201800, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Objective To investigate the oral health status of preschool children in private kindergartens in Jiading District of Shanghai, and to analyze the relationship between dental caries and growth and nutrition. Methods From Apr. 2015 to Jun. 2016, 5 755 preschool children in private kindergartens in Jiading District of Shanghai were examined by oral examination according to the principle of informed consent. The height, weight, and hemoglobin level of the children were measured, and the effects of body mass index (BMI) and hemoglobin level on dental caries were analyzed. Results The dental caries rate of preschool children was 50.67% (2 916/5 755) in private kindergartens in Jiading District of Shanghai. The prevalence of dental caries was significantly decreased with the increase of BMI (P<0.01). The decayed, missing and filled tooth (DMFT) of children with obesity or thinness was significantly higher than that of normal children (P<0.05). The prevalence of dental caries and DMFT of children with anemia (hemoglobin level<110 g/L) were significantly higher than those of the normal children (P<0.05). Conclusion Dental caries is closely associated with growth and nutrition of preschool children in Jiading District of Shanghai.
Key words:  preschool children  dental caries  child development  nutritional status