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  • 赵娜,阳青松,陆建平.磁共振成像在乳腺癌诊断中的应用进展[J].第二军医大学学报,2018,39(2):193-198    [点击复制]
  • ZHAO Na,YANG Qing-song,LU Jian-ping.Application of magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosis of breast cancer: an update[J].Acad J Sec Mil Med Univ,2018,39(2):193-198   [点击复制]
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磁共振成像在乳腺癌诊断中的应用进展
赵娜,阳青松,陆建平*
0
(第二军医大学长海医院放射科, 上海 200433
*通信作者)
摘要:
乳腺癌是女性最常见的恶性肿瘤之一,也是导致女性肿瘤死亡的主要原因,其发病渐呈年轻化趋势,早期筛查对提高患者预后极为重要。磁共振成像(MRI)作为重要的功能影像学方法,在乳腺疾病诊断领域的应用日趋广泛。本文主要对MRI在乳腺癌诊断、组织学分级、分子分型及患者预后评估等方面的应用进行综述,为乳腺癌MRI诊断技术的发展提供参考。
关键词:  磁共振成像  乳腺癌  肿瘤  功能磁共振成像
DOI:10.16781/j.0258-879x.2018.02.0193
投稿时间:2017-06-19修订日期:2017-09-24
基金项目:
Application of magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosis of breast cancer: an update
ZHAO Na,YANG Qing-song,LU Jian-ping*
(Department of Radiology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China
*Corresponding author)
Abstract:
Breast cancer, a most common malignant tumor of women, is the leading cause of tumor deaths in women, and the incidence shows a gradually younger trend. Early screening is vital to improve prognosis of the patients. As an important functional imaging method, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been widely used in the diagnosis of breast diseases. This article reviewed the application of MRI in the diagnosis, histological grade and molecular typing of breast cancer and the patient prognosis assessment, providing references for the development of MRI technology in breast cancer diagnosis.
Key words:  magnetic resonance imaging  breast carcinoma  neoplasms  functional magnetic resonance imaging